AIQOfficial Whitepaper

Updated on May 27th, 2019

As we are currently in the "pre-sale" phase, we are updating this edition of AIQ's whitepaper regularly inline with our frequent developments. We provide regular updates on AIQ's live timeline, our official blog and social media channels.

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Disclaimer – This whitepaper is written in British English (‘Original Language’) and the translation service is provided by Google Translate for information purposes only. Please note that not all text may be translated accurately or be translated at all. Nebuli Ltd. is not responsible and cannot be held responsible for the quality or any incorrect or inaccurate translations Generated by Google Translate’s auto translation of this whitepaper. In the event of any inconsistency with other translated versions of this whitepaper, conflict or contradiction, the Original Language version of this whitepaper will always prevail and will therefore be the binding version for all parties in any local legislation. Furthermore, as Google Translate is a third-party service, Nebuli Ltd. will not be held responsible for any damage or issues that may result from using Google Translate. If you have any questions, please visit Google Translate.


Augmented Intelligence Quotient™ (AIQ™)

The Unified and Decentralised Augmented Intelligence Ecosystem.

Crowdsale

Please contact us for details.

Cap

$197,470,000 (USD)

Executive Summary

Augmented Intelligence Quotient (AIQ — pronounced “I.Q.”) is a free and open decentralised integration network and marketplace for the key emerging and transformative technologies that power Augmented Intelligence, including, but not limited to, Distributed ledgers (including Blockchain), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Extended Reality (XR) and Quantum Computing – aka "DARQ" technologies.

The aim of the AIQ project is to power, facilitate and accelerate the innovation and creation of opportunities uniquely associated with digital transformation markets and the ever closer post-digital era. The project achieves this aim by bridging markets and technology sectors that are traditionally seen as “unrelated” — such as DARQ, IoT, ML, transformative and many other emerging technologies (we call this the “technology collective”) — through AIQ’s decentralised network built on smart contracts and our upcoming DAG-based framework, called Augmenter.

"By combining AI with key emerging technologies, we can focus on augmenting human decision making and creativity, rather than replacing it."

@TimElSheikh, Co-founder & CEO @Nebuli – The Augmented Intelligence Company™. Nebuli.com.

AIQ is built on Nebuli’s principle of Augmented Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) that powers the creation of a smart “co-worker” that is built with a rich set of specialist skills required to do any given job, compared to other generalist and off-the-shelf AI offerings.

Above all, this AIaaS principle was built to help Nebuli’s customers augment their existing systems, rather than replacing them, by connecting their current implementations with other technologies that enhance their decision making processes, creativity and existing workflows with minimal or no disruption.

AIQ allows the wider community of users, developers, businesses and teams to take advantage of such AIaaS models and libraries available within the network and help them go much further beyond tackling broad, general intelligence or machine-led automation by augmenting their existing platforms with new and emerging technologies with ease — while maintaining high level of data security and earning credits and rewards through tokenisation (discussed in further details below).

The Technology Collective for 2019-2020

While the AIQ project aims to connect as many technologies and markets as possible, it is also imperative that we focus on key emerging technologies that are currently in high demand and require a wide range of interoperability. This provides AIQ's community with immediate opportunities that benefit their specific needs. The current technology collective that is of major importance in 2019-2020 period includes the DARQ collective described above, as well as their related emerging transformative technologies, IoT interoperability, digital twinning, ML, AGI and many others.

According to Accenture’s latest technology review (published in February 2019), it is now critical for organisations to master the rising set of the new DARQ technologies and over 89% of businesses are already experimenting with one or more DARQ technologies, expecting them to be the key differentiators in digital transformation.

Since 2015, there has been a particular rise in interest in individual DARQ technologies, where:

  • AI – plays a critical role in optimising and automating processes, influencing strategic decision-making;
  • XR – offers an immersive technology that creates an entirely new approach for users and businesses to experience and engage with the world around them;
  • Distributed ledgers – best known in the context of cryptocurrencies, are now expanding their capabilities by eliminating the need for trusted third parties with such introductions as smart contracts; and
  • Quantum computing, an exciting technology that remains the most experimental, though offering revolutionary and novel models for solving the hardest computational problems beyond the current capabilities.
"Distributed ledgers, AI, extended reality and quantum computing are the next big technology catalysts for change."

@PaulDaugh , Chief Technology and Innovation Officer – Accenture. #TechVision2019

AIQ is uniquely positioned in allowing the creation, combination, acceleration and monetisation of DARQ technologies at scale, collectively building an augmented intelligence platform that is accessible using peer-to-peer, peer-to-machine and machine-to-machine protocols.


The Decentralised Network for Augmented Intelligence

AIQ is a decentralised network for repositories of code libraries, design frameworks, tools, algorithms and datasets that collectively contribute toward building up augmented intelligence applications. Our project's mission is to make AIQ readily available for individuals, teams and organisations of all sizes to assist with their research and development projects, technology-based innovations, productivity challenges, augmented creativity and much more.

AIQ’s discovery model is based on the interoperability and relevancy of features and capabilities for a user’s specific requirements, highlighting the opportunities available and minimising the search for the most compatible and appropriate solutions. AIQ’s token-based reward system completely eradicates the traditional barriers to technological innovation and adoption at scale.

As the business landscape transitions further into a combination of digital natives and organisations are well into their digital transformation efforts, AIQ’s rich ecosystem of technology libraries and algorithms is the key that will open unimagined new pathways into the future – openly and securely.


AIQ's Team and Community

The AIQ project was initially conceived by the team behind Nebuli, founded by two technology entrepreneurs and biomedical scientists, Tim El-Sheikh and Teacha Hamilton. Their core model of Nebuli’s augmented intelligence platforms stemmed from their idea of creating a human-like cognitive “brain nebula” that is capable of reading, collecting, connecting, and creating data mosaics ("memory blocks") from any data sources (such as documents, databases, podcasts and videos). They programmed the system to securely comb through and thoroughly read millions of articles, data sets and files within minutes – a process that may take people several weeks or months to complete.

Their original aim was to use Nebuli's cognitive systems to provide medical scientists with an intelligent, on-demand single point of access to relevant medical research papers from hundreds of different sources within seconds. However, key market opportunities were identified very quickly and the two founders invested alongside their partners the total sum of $1.30 million USD and setup Nebuli as a private company, launched in January 2019.

The two founders have put together a team of highly experienced business and finance professionals, world-leading mathematicians (including Prof. Aleksandr Gorban) and renowned blockchain developers.

Nebuli and AIQ are a culmination of many years of experience of its founders and their team, together with an extensive network of key leaders in the AI/ML, media, and design/UX since 2001, as well as blockchain and XR since 2011.


Serving the Majority of Organisations at Scale

Nebuli was incorporated with the mission of making augmented intelligence more accessible at scale, not only by larger businesses, corporations and institutions but also by startups, smaller research teams and individual innovators.

Indeed, AIQ's ecosystem is designed to augment innovation pipelines for all stakeholders and connect members and participants with each other and with larger organisations.

The key reasons we took on this challenge through our service offerings and through our commitment to building AIQ's network are: 

  • Off-the-shelf AI offerings rarely match the specific requirements and workflows of individual organisations and businesses.
  • From our own experience, building a custom AI application, combined with building additional integration layers with off-the-shelf AI services and other technologies, requires a large number of developers — which is very costly and takes months, if not years, worth of work.
  • Even large corporations with the finances to hire hundreds of developers have a hard time seeking out enough AI experts to meet their specific needs.
  • We believe AIQ's model, combined with Nebuli's plugin-n-play Augmented Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) framework will support the vast majority of organisations with the limited resources for recruiting their own teams of experts who can apply augmented intelligence capabilities for their specific needs, as well as additional experts who can advise on the new and emerging technologies.

Why AIQ?

As the current AI and digitalisation markets are becoming more controlled and monopolised by fewer tech giants – who offer cloud-based AI solutions and APIs – the market is in need of fairer pricing, better and more open transparency, closer interoperability and a much wider participation of smaller companies, research teams and individual developers.

We have been witnessing the emergence of calls for decentralisation of AI as a direct result of the rise and intersection of blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT), “on-device” AI (such as iOS devices) and digital twinning. This new digitisation ecosystem consists of vast arrays of segregated applications, data sources, development libraries, API’s and many other aspects that operate individual technologies within this ecosystem.

AIQ’s model, currently deployed on Ethereum blockchain, aims to combine multiple algorithms and code libraries that perform various sub-tasks and have access to the training datasets exchanged on the network, leveraging the distribution of royalties, subscription payments and autonomous transactions through tokenisation protocols. By facilitating the unification and integration of different technology markets, such as the DARQ collective described above, AIQ offers a new opportunity for market leaders and new comers to reimagine their businesses, research projects and innovations.

To achieve this ambition, AIQ tackles the following two key challenges that face the digitisation ecosystem today:

  1. Adaptation and interoperability limitations of emerging technologies across different markets and operations

As discussed above, augmented intelligence systems differ significantly from traditional AI systems in three key areas:

  1. They help augment and extend human decision making and creativity as opposed to replacing humans through machine-led automation.
  1. They are specifically designed and optimised to solve deeper industry-specific problems across many verticals, with a much higher level of specificity — rather than tackling broader, general intelligence.
  1. They provide the concept of explainable AI, offering unique insights and recommendations with reasoning. This goes far beyond the more generic, bird's-eye view model, business intelligence and data analytics.


Such capabilities involve integration of technologies that have been used traditionally in separate markets and within segregated verticals. A good example where augmented intelligences and the AIQ decentralisation model is applicable is the exciting growing market of digital twinning.

The concept of digital twin technology was first used in practice by NASA, to create full-scale mockups of early space capsules used on the ground to mirror and diagnose problems in space orbit. Eventually, this model gave way to fully digital simulations, which has then moved into manufacturing and, today, has evolved into the merging worlds of the IoT, AI, and data analytics.

However, until recently, it was only available to large organisations with the resources to collect, store, and analyse the huge amounts of data generated by such systems. But with the advances and improved cost-effectiveness of machine learning, IoT, and cloud connectivity today, organisations of all sizes – and in a variety of industries – can now be empowered to implement digital twin technology at scale.

Though, with the lack of wider implementation and interoperability of many digital twinning systems across different markets, AIQ offers a number of protocols (i.e. a “common language”) facilitating deeper and seamless integrations across many different verticals, thus uncovering new opportunities and potential collaborations in this field.

  1. Limited accessibility to funding and opportunities for a wider community of developers, users and suppliers who wish to share and earn from their ideas, projects, code libraries, algorithms and more.

The AIQ project was founded to deal directly with the problem faced by many innovators and startups around the world of limited accessibility to funding and even basic transactional accounting in some communities.

AIQ facilitates the collective intelligence and innovation of the many, bypassing the gatekeepers who are dominant in securing most of the public and private funds. AIQ's ecosystem is designed to be fully inclusive for people with brilliant projects who were previously isolated from today’s funding ecosystem, as well as publicity and support.

Furthermore, AIQ's network offers a token-based mechanism, with a monetary value attached, governed under specific tokenisation rules programmed within the smart contracts. This is the spark to facilitate an open network where everyone can take part and get rewarded accordingly. From large academic institutions and corporations to startups and individuals with bold ideas. Everyone gets a voice through AIQ’s “usability” metrics.

For example, if a developer submits an AI library of algorithms and somebody within the AIQ network discovers it and applies it within a project, the submitter earns AIQ tokens accordingly. And, the more this AI library submission is used by the community, the more tokens earned by the submitter. This model can be applied not only through a peer-to-peer protocol, but also through machine-to-machine and peer-to-machine protocols. A simple model, yet highly rewarding.


Key Challenges

We aim to build a wider public awareness of our positive vision against the common misconception of a doom and gloom outlook of augmented intelligence and DARQ technologies. Thus, we endeavour to be the core part of a transformative process where augmented intelligence has a positive impact for businesses and communities worldwide.

Accordingly, our current and future campaigns will involve the following:

  • Providing support for early adopters of such new technological innovation, due to the complex nature of big data and the growing concerns of data security.
  • Work closely with progressive organisations that are taking real steps towards transformational working practices, digitisation and digitalisation.
  • Working and partnering with pioneers on specific applications relating to various technology collectives (including DARQ) and access innovative ideas and thinkers to join AIQ's community.

Introduction

There is no doubt that the artificial intelligence (AI) market is growing at an explosive rate, uncovering many new exciting opportunities for innovation and economic prosperity. However, to date, the vast majority of the AI "hype" has been focusing on various forms of automation and robotics.

  • $13 trillion

    total additional global economic activity generated by artificial intelligence by 2030.

  • 85%

    of executives agree the integration of customisation and real/near time delivery is the next big wave of competitive advantage.

  • 89%

    of businesses are already experimenting with A.I. blockchain combination, expecting them to be key differentiators.

While this is a great technological achievement, considering that the concept of AI has been researched and developed since the 1940’s, there is now a need to start looking beyond automation and robotics. That is, looking and moving toward augmented intelligence.


What is Augmented Intelligence?

Mathematically and algorithmically speaking, there are very little differences between artificial intelligence and augmented intelligence systems. However, the critical outcome from applying augmented intelligence models is to leverage machine learning and cognitive computing to augment human intelligence and productivity.

Augmented intelligence systems differ significantly from traditional AI systems in three key areas:

  1. They help augment and extend human decision making and creativity as opposed to replacing humans through machine-led automation.
  1. They are specifically designed and optimised to solve deeper industry-specific problems across many verticals, with a much higher level of specificity — rather than tackling broader, general intelligence.
  1. They provide the concept of explainable AI, offering unique insights and recommendations with reasoning. This goes far beyond the more generic, bird's-eye view model, business intelligence and data analytics.
"It’s not about AI vs humans. It’s humans plus AI. This is Augmented Intelligence."

@SimonJack_says  – Chief Design Officer @Nebuli – The Augmented Intelligence Company™. Nebuli.com.

In simple terms, the key difference is that "Artificial" suggests that machines are attempting to be the creators (and possibly replacing you, the human, in the process). Augmentation, on the other hand, is where the machines are perfectly satisfied at becoming your creative partner, whilst you get all the glory.

However, such capabilities involve integration of technologies that have been used traditionally in separate markets and within segregated verticals. This does not only require more robust and versatile interoperability between such technologies, but it also requires significant change of the common "top-to-bottom" AI implementation models applied today in most markets.


The “Top-to-Bottom” Issue

The most common implementation of AI-based systems tends to be, what we describe as, “top-to-bottom” approach. This predominantly involves an organisation developing an AI system with vast capabilities, with large numbers of libraries and then try and workout different applications within specific markets.

In this scenario, the market would be required to develop additional layers and new API libraries to customise their existing systems and make them “AI-ready” in order to take advantage of the above AI offerings. With this, as you may expect, comes major time and financial commitments for organisations, including smaller teams and startups. Not to mention, miscommunication between parties and inadvertent overpromises.

We fundamentally disagree with this model where, essentially, the markets interested in applying AI tools need to significantly change their existing systems to apply somewhat generalist AI applications. It is like attempting to fit a big square into a tiny circle.


Our “Bottom-Up” Model

We at Nebuli believe in the exact opposite model described above. Our Bottom-up approach is where we do not expect markets to make major (if any) changes to their existing systems in order to apply augmented intelligence capabilities. This is why we are building AIQ.

We strongly believe that AIQ's model, combined with our proprietary Augmenter ledger framework and Nebuli's plugin-n-play Augmented Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) framework will support the vast majority of individuals, startups and organisations with the limited resources for building their own teams of emerging technology experts and augmented intelligence capabilities for their needs.

Furthermore, this model opens up the opportunity, as well as flexibility, to plug in other technological capabilities that are not traditionally included within off-the-shelf or generalist AI libraries. Indeed, AIQ's ecosystem is designed to facilitate innovation pipelines for all stakeholders and connect members and participants with each other and with larger corporations and institutions. This is why we refer to our approach as augmented intelligence


Scenarios of our Model

AIQ's model is based on Nebuli's architecture that adapts to specific market needs, right to the basic details. With AIQ's ecosystem of customisable sets of augmented intelligence integrations, including libraries contributed by Nebuli, our aim is to help organisations and businesses of all sizes to access unexploited DARQ resources and libraries.

Below are real-world examples of how we applied our plugin-n-play AIaaS model in partnership with leading organisations who wish to apply any sets of DARQ and their relevant emerging technologies within their target markets:

Startups and Teams

Technology-lead startups typically require critical AI capabilities to perform very specific operations under tight budgets and deadlines. Thus, subscribing to over-bloated, expensive and generalist AI services off-the-shelf may not be the ideal solution for such startups. Rather, they would prefer a smaller and lighter, yet highly specialist AI tool that performs the specific tasks they need. And, ideally, without any need for them to develop additional layers and/or libraries to connect their in-house software with third-party AI systems. This saves such smaller companies thousands of man hours of redundant development work and, more importantly, several thousands in costs.

Mindzilla is one such high-tech startup, leading the way in the knowledge discovery market – applying a combination of augmented content automation and smart cross-platform marketing services. Their ambition is to use their technology to push impactful information throughout the web from vetted sources and to fight against fake news.

Nebuli is the cognitive discovery engine behind Mindzilla's operation, helping the system to fully read information and conceptualise it in a way that mirrors the workings of the human brain.

This model revolutionises knowledge search and discovery through information, as Nebuli takes on much of the human effort involved in compiling useful and relevant data extracted from vetted sources. This goes far beyond referencing tags and keywords and, instead, it is a fully conceptual knowledge discovery engine. This can be compared to the difference between reading a textbook on a specific subject versus consulting the world’s experts across multiple disciplines at once and finding all the wider implications.

All of these operations are performed through Nebuli's AIaaS API calls integrated within Mindzilla's platform, with no programming or additional software/AI layers needed from Mindzilla's team.

Large Institutions and Organisations

Our model also applies to larger institutions and online platforms. For example, Nebuli's independence from any data formats, platforms and languages, allowed the University of Leicester (UoL) to apply easier and faster cross-disciplinary and cross-regional data integrations and interoperability within their library of internal research papers. This facilitated discovery of hidden knowledge and undiscovered trends within their research papers, Excel files and more.

Nebuli helped the UoL’s library to visualise the hidden world of their internal research papers, thus opening up new interdisciplinary and interdepartmental R&D collaborations.

In addition, this model was combined with downloaded libraries from PubMed and are currently working on indexing further open online libraries, such as Google Scholar and Archive.org. Nebuli's system plays the following key roles:

  • Data segmentation, with particular focus on identifying communities within the same database. This can be used to find researchers with similar research interests, including researchers working in closely related fields (as well as seemingly unrelated fields) in different departments.
  • Not only that Nebuli searches for similar documents, it also goes beyond by generating a unique measure of similarity.
  • Providing users with tools that evaluate the quality of the groups, generating keywords that represent the content of each group, thus facilitating further knowledge discovery.
  • Nebuli returns similar documents not only based on keywords, but also based on the documents’ full text content (via conceptualisation of research paper abstracts).
Online Platforms

Nebuli’s key philosophy is to provide users and clients with a single service package that combines what is traditionally seen as separate services of data security, encryption, data compression, data modelling, data classification and knowledge recommendation — all built on Nebuli’s DataStack™ architecture that can be integrated into existing applications with ease. No programming work needed, just plug-and-play.

We applied this model to Wordpress and Wordpress-VIP platforms – the content management system used by 33.5% of the Internet and with a market share of 60.4%. Nebuli automated a tedious editorial process to help publishers accelerate their editorial workflow. Our platform has been packaged into a WordPress-VIP plugin in order to turn existing WordPress-VIP installations into augmented "co-editors" – freeing all editorial teams from their daily repetitive tasks of manually categorising and tagging their posts.

Through this plugin, Nebuli reads and understands a publisher’s entire WordPress VIP content library through its unique way of conceptualising full text and clustering keywords. It instantly knows how new content relates to the publisher’s existing published articles. Thus, it performs the following tasks:

  • It auto-classifies new content to match a publisher’s existing content categories. This ensures content automatically gets assigned to the correct place and removes the need for any human decision making.
  • It suggests any new tags that are of high relevance to a post, eliminating the need to manually determine the most suitable keywords for search engines.
  • Above all, these publishers do not need to worry about any additional technical setup or development of additional AI layers for the system to work. No programming needed, ever!

Personalised Augmented Intelligence

Based on the points discussed above, AIQ ecosystem’s model of augmented intelligence is not focused only on having intelligently indexed large datasets from all sorts of markets and creating infinite libraries for all sorts of tasks. It is also about building a more specialist approach that is swift, agile, faster, more scalable, more relevant and more deeply understanding of the needs of the community members (i.e. users, teams and organisations) and being able to adapt accordingly.

This is more of a personalised AI that inherently makes it smarter and goes far beyond automation, which indeed also does require a high level of intelligence. But having the capability of understanding relevance and impact requires a much more augmented model of intelligence.

We believe this is the future of AI in the coming years as markets have started to demand more relevance from AI and technology providers at lower costs, with better interoperability and, above all, offering better data security. Our core vision with AIQ – and with our current work at Nebuli – is to offer all of these capabilities in a single repository network of executable libraries and through AIaaS/plug-and-play services.

Through our work with Nebuli we have witnessed how markets all over the world have become much more aware and educated about AI in terms of its opportunities, capabilities and, above all, its weaknesses. Accordingly, we envisage an exciting period for augmented intelligence within the next 10 years and, with the support of our community, we believe AIQ will be at the epicentre of this vast growing and dynamic market.

Background

It was Francis Bacon who said knowledge is power. Throughout history, advancement of civilisations always relied on the ability to access, learn from and improve upon knowledge and ideas. We are now firmly in the new age of an infinite rise of big data and information generated every second from endless verticals around the world. So much so that our future progress and development is now reliant on empowering more people than ever before with the ability to access and utilise this collective knowledge through smart and interconnected technology networks.

“ipsa scientia potestas est”
knowledge itself is power

Meditationes Sacrae (1597)
Sir Francis Bacon

Hence, Bacon’s statement has never been more precise and it was the inspiration behind the creation of our concept of Augmented Intelligence Quotient (i.e. AIQ — which we pronounce as “I.Q.”).

AIQ's network was conceived to facilitate the collective intelligence of the many, bypassing the gatekeepers who are dominant in securing most of the public and private funds and attention. The network is designed to be fully inclusive for people with brilliant innovative ideas, including those who were previously isolated from today’s funding ecosystem, publicity and support.

AIQ is an intelligent, self-sustaining and independent augmented intelligence network, powered by our proprietary augmented intelligence platform from Nebuli and, currently, built on smart contracts. This novel combination of augmented intelligence and blockchain gathers, reads and conceptualises the world’s knowledge through information – modelling the human brain’s own process of storing and analysing data.

The key skill of AIQ’s underlying Nebuli engine is understanding the relationship between verticals (i.e. establishing interdisciplinary references and “blue sky connections” between seemingly different sectors) and spotting where novel concepts exist. To put it simply, using AIQ is not just putting the world’s augmented intelligence technologies at your fingertips but is effortlessly delivering the technology libraries that really matters to you and to your work.


Why Now?

From our current market research data and our work with clients and partners conducted through Nebuli, it is evident that organisations of all sizes need to master the rising set of the new and emerging technology collective we discussed above, including such DARQ, IoT, ML, transformative and many other emerging technologies, as well as their subsequent byproducts. We are now confident that this technology collective has achieved the key necessary technical milestones and mainstream access that will open up major opportunities for innovators and startups to scale across several verticals.

According to a new research from Accenture, 2019 is the year when every company will need to start considering the application of one or more of DARQ technologies within their processes in order to stay and/or further accelerate their research and development projects, amplify their competitiveness within their target markets and discover new opportunities.

Augmenter & Blockchain

One of the key challenges of today’s cryptocurrency blockchain network is managing its distributed consensus, which ultimately defines the value of a given cryptocurrency. Our primary plan is to launch our own “blockless” ledger framework, called Augmenter – based on the Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) model and on ‘green’ principles. We are discussing Augmenter in further detail later below.

Currently, our priority is to launch and test our AIQ network on existing and well tested frameworks that allow us to immediately build AIQ's communities and contribute toward AIQ's consensus. We chose Ethereum smart contracts as our starting point.


Our Current Blockchain Setup on Ethereum Smart Contracts

Ethereum technology is our initial core application for building a decentralised programmed structure of AIQ that runs based on rules recorded in smart contracts and is managed by its core blockchain framework (as highlighted in detail below).

Ethereum blockchain technology, integrated with Nebuli's augmented intelligence services and knowledge datasets, will be the backbone of AIQ's ecosystem at the initial stages of our project. This is due to the fact that Ethereum provides us with a reliable and generalised framework for running AIQ's tokens more easily.

Furthermore, As Ethereum’s language is Turing complete and developer friendly, it creates a wide opportunity for us to utilise the benefits of the blockchain technology not being an enforcer of one particular ruleset, such as cryptocurrency transfer, but also programming a safe, open, autonomously governed, efficient, trustable and reliable ecosystem to build other rulesets on top. Because of Ethereum's such wide array of functions, we have chosen it for the introductory stages of our project in the coming months.


Applying ERC-20 Framework

The ERC-20 standard defines a common list of rules for Ethereum-based tokens that allow developers to accurately predict interaction between tokens. These rules include how the tokens are transferred between addresses and how data within each token is accessed.

By design, the ERC-20 model is the most common token standard that is tradable on all exchanges, thus making it more accessible to everyone. Our model with AIQ fits this principle of accessibility and we have gone beyond the standard ERC-20 model and augmented it with the specific functionality introduced with this project (described in details in the following section). This is with the aim to achieve our key goals described above.

Firstly, we have added programatic methods for the system's smart contracts to react on events initiated and/or operated with the tokens. These methods are called hooks - as they are triggered once another action is performed. These hooks will be used to trigger the inner workings of the whole smart contract ecosystem - token/ETH pool redistribution, user updates, taxation services, etc.

Much like every working economical system, AIQ's system needs a number of 'levers' in order to control and stabilise the token price and exchange rates. Currently, a few of these levers have been implemented and they include the following:

  • Creation of new tokens – the ability to produce new tokens, a process which is controlled in the future by smart contracts based on given rules and conditions.
  • Burning tokens – the ability to take tokens out of the pools – a process controlled in the future by smart contracts based on given rules and conditions.
  • Taxation ability – the ability for the system to take steps toward taxation of the token holders based on given criteria (such as inactivity, token utilisation, etc.)

The first two levers described above will be controlled initially by the team, and will later be controlled by the smart contract level.

The third lever (i.e. taxation) will not be used initially until the fully operational smart contracts to trigger the process are fully implemented. We will provide regular update via our official blog, Live Timeline and our social media channels.


AIQ's Token-Specific ERC-20 Model

While the AIQ token is built on Ethereum ERC-20 framework, it is not a standard ERC-20 token. Rather,  AIQ is the gateway toward an open, decentralised and self-governing economic ecosystem of smart contracts.

For the current AIQ project, as well as AIQ's wider network, we applied Ethereum standard ERC-20 architecture, which offers the following classic features and additional elements specifically designed for the need of our project:

Token Generation Model

Hookable Token

The Hookable Token is a token that is pure ERC-20 which was added programmatically to "doors" (called hooks) for connecting other contracts and consume data.

Curve Calculator

The idea behind this contract is that it is a contract implementing Bancor Curve. This curve is used in the financial markets as a way to decide on the stability and the reserves of the system. In basic terms, this contract ensures stability of the generated token.

Institution

The Institution is the "brain" behind the stabilisation. It takes the input from the Curve Calculator and decides what to do with the reserves and how much to add/remove. It also controls the tax level (i.e. how much a user is taxed when a taxation process is triggered).

Token Pool and ETH Pool Reserves

Token Pool and ETH Pool is what we call "the reserves". These reserves are providing the liquidity of the system. These pools are being filled up, or drawn from, in order to leverage the system to stabilise. The stabilisation functions are triggered by the result of the Curve Calculator and are executed by the Institution.

User Contract Generation Model

Consumer Contract

The Consumer contract is the heart of the system. It consumes the data for every transaction and passes this data to the contract to which it is relevant. We describe it as a hub that directs the logic in different sub-systems. The Consumer contract indicates that some movement of the users’ tokens have been completed (i.e. transfer, mint, etc.) and additional logic follows.

KYC Limiting Contract

The purpose of this contract is to allow for us to program into the system Limiting factors, which is a general "rules of transfer" contract. The Oracle contract is linked to this Limiting contract as the Limiting factor has the ability to stop and revert the transaction. Therefore, the Hookable token is linked with the Oracle contract indirectly through Consumer and Limiting Contract.

Oracle

Oracle is linked to the Limiting Contract as the Limiting factor has the ability to stop and revert transactions. The Hookable Token Smart Contract is linked with Oracle indirectly through the Consumer and the Limiting contracts.

User Contract Management Model

User Manager Contract

The User Manager Contract is the master contract related to user management subsystem. On one side, it is the contract that stores the data about every transaction in the contracts that deals with the process of evaluating who and when should a user be taxed. On the other side, it is also the contract that provides the access to generating new Single User Contracts.

Single User Contract

The Single User Contract holds important data for the user, such as KYC status, AML status, total transacted amount for given period of time, etc.

Arranging Contract and Linked List

Arranging Contract and Linked List stores the data about latest transactions to enable the system to instantly figure out who has to be taxed.

The Complete Model

The combination of the above-mentioned smart contract elements – accompanied by Nebuli's augmented intelligence cross-vertical relevancy classification of submitted libraries and the library execution scoring mechanism – makes AIQ’s ecosystem and its tokenisation process altogether unique and sustainable.

However, our key ambition is to evolve this framework into our proprietary DAG-based Augmenter framework, which operates a myriad of individual zero-fee nano-transactions that are interlinked to each other and stored through AIQ’s decentralised network of participating nodes and clients. Please continue to the section below for further details.

Augmenter Framework

Our primary plan is to launch our own “blockless” ledger framework, called Augmenter – based on the Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) model and on ‘green’ principles.

Augmenter’s DAG-based ledger operates a multitude of individual zero-fee nano-transactions that are interlinked to each other and stored through AIQ’s decentralised network of participating nodes and clients.

The critical feature of Augmenter is that the framework does not depend on miners and it scales as the number of transactions increase. More importantly, this framework supports interconnected networks of "nano-payments" which is at the heart of AIQ’s interconnected technology libraries submitted from across several verticals.


Augmenter versus Blockchain

The current method applied on most cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, relies heavily on computational power — aka “Proof of Work” (PoW).

Under the current PoW model, miners require a large number of computers in order to take part in the computational race and earn Bitcoin (and/or other cryptocurrencies). Consequently, there has been a sharp rise in the number of mining farms in order to manage the ever-growing computing demands of this network.

According to the Digiconomist Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index, over the full year of 2018, Bitcoin miners were responsible for a total electrical energy consumption of at least 40 terawatt-hours (TWh). This is equal to the amount of electricity consumed in a country like Hungary, and 20 percent of the total amount of electricity consumed by data centres worldwide (200 TWh per year).

Thus, with the increase of Bitcoin creation, the need for electricity also increases — used for powering the escalating difficulty rate of token-generating calculations. Compared to alternative models, such as the “Proof of Stake” (PoS) models, it is not sustainable or scalable for the long-term. In fact, this energy-heavy model provides no value to society.


Why DAG Model?

While being a “blockless” ledger, Augmenter’s DAG framework maintains the privacy, security and decentralisation benefits of blockchain, combined with a number of critical improvements and the following benefits:

No Mining

Being blockless subsequently means that Augmenter networks do not need miners. This in turn means there are no high-powered computers racing to solve math problems for a payout (as discussed above with the PoW model).

Scalability

DAG networks, in general, use a fraction of the energy that blockchain systems use. In fact, the DAG architecture has no scalability limits, as throughput grows in conjunction with activity. Thus, it is ideal for our AIQ mission of decentralising augmented intelligence services across several industries and support multiple nano-transactions across peers and/or machines. The only potential limit is bandwidth.

Highly Accessible

With DAG’s low hashing power requirement, Augmenter can be joined and accessed through mobile devices (both smart and “non-smart”), routers, and computing devices.

Higher Speed

As discussed above with currently used PoW models, Blockchain networks slow down as the user base increases. Thus, they require more time to confirm transactions. Whereas, DAG networks work the opposite way — the more they are used, the faster they operate. This is ideal for AIQ’s operations, particularly with library executions.

Quantum Resistance

With AIQ’s support of emerging technologies, particularly the DARQ collective that includes quantum computing (as described above), Augmenter’s DAG framework offers a buffer against quantum computing, which means that the advent of this novel computing model would not threaten the security of the system. This is critical for any emerging technology library contributed to AIQ’s network.


Our Augmenter Framework Objective

Our key objective, as our current network grows, is to launch a new “blockless” and flexible framework model that is more sustainable. Our model is designed to provide a more intrinsic value to the cryptocurrency market and, indeed, to scope it as a whole. Our goal with Augmenter is to develop an ecosystem by establishing a worldwide bank of innovative ideas contributed by millions of people anywhere in the world — a user-first infrastructure that is fair and open, with the $AIQ token as its digital currency.

Our vision with the $AIQ token is to make it into a highly valuable, sustainable, and rewarding digital currency for innovators everywhere.

In essence, our mission with AIQ is to democratise ideas and innovations, freeing them from the restrictive policies of some established institutions who are dominant in securing most of the public and private funds and support.

This will also give inventors in poorer societies around the world who have no means of accessing any funding, the opportunity to receive support and collaboration from the AIQ community. As a result of such contributions and interactions with our Augmenter framework, AIQ’s value increases accordingly without any human intervention or speculative overpricing of the currency. AIQ’s core Nebuli scoring system will not allow it.

Furthermore, our framework will not require for people to pre-own any digital currencies in order to generate more digital money, as is the case with the PoS model. Instead, participants will have the ability to earn by contributing, executing libraries and being part of a large, democratised network of ideas and innovations that could have more positive impact on communities globally.

Role of Nebuli Engine

Nebuli is an Augmented Intelligence design and development company, using a novel cloud-based plug-and-play Augmented Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) technology. Nebuli’s core AIaaS engine is designed to help clients augment their existing systems, applications and workflows, turning them into smart "co-worker" machines. Thus, Nebuli frees clients to achieve more by:

  • Taking over and managing repetitive and tedious tasks and freeing clients from building redundant A.I. software layers.

  • Offering plug-and-play access to sophisticated augmented intelligence and blockchain services out-of-the-box.

  • Freeing clients from very long and expensive A.I. application development life-cycle.

  • Providing augmented security which completely circumvents the need for customers to upload copies of their original data.

Nebuli's engine is at the heart of AIQ’s network, which determines the value of an $AIQ token – with a core function defining the "execution score" of the contributed code libraries, design frameworks, tools, algorithms and datasets into AIQ's network and the impact this contribution makes to AIQ’s wider community. Nebuli simply will not allow any speculative valuation of the $AIQ token.

Additionally, Nebuli provides a reliable recommendation system based upon a submitted contribution’s relation to others in our current network and datasets – a combined mechanism of augmented intelligence and community-based feedback and usage metrics of each contributed material. This facilitates discovery of new emerging technologies and opportunities for the AIQ community members and users.


Why Nebuli's Augmented Intelligence?

Compared to other AI offerings, Nebuli's smart co-worker model is powered by a set of augmented intelligence plug-n-play/AIaaS services that renders it qualified with the specialised skills required to do the job.

This co-worker model plays a key role in assisting AIQ community members and contributors match the specific requirements and workflows of their individual organisations, projects and active applications while searching and/or submitting their code libraries, algorithms and other frameworks described above.

Furthermore, Nebuli's co-worker can be connected autonomously within machine-to-machine protocols, where applications can request "assistance" from other relevant applications for specific tasks, managed and discovered by Nebuli's core AIaaS engine.

Nebuli's Co-Worker Model

Nebuli's Security – A Critical Element

Security is the most critical element of AIQ's network, which is based on Nebuli's secure DataStack™ model, as the network involves individuals and organisations contributing and sharing their libraries and proprietary ideas. Our core commitment is to minimise and eradicate the most common data breaches taking place around the world today.

For example, In a survey from Ipswitch, 84% of professionals and employees are using personal emails to send sensitive files or data, 50% expose company files or data by uploading to Dropbox, 30% have lost a USB drive containing confidential data, and 50% of IT managers lack any visibility into file/data transfer within their organisations.

Furthermore, according to another report from McAfee, the top 3 concerns that prevent businesses and organisations from moving their sensitive data to the cloud include:

  • Unauthorised sharing of intellectual property (IP) by employees, where 21% of files uploaded to cloud-based file sharing services contain sensitive data including sensitive IP details.
  • Data breaches, and even theft, by authorised users, as 64% of businesses cannot confirm if their employees are using their own cloud in the workplace.
  • External, unauthorised users accessing their databases and SQL injection attacks;

For this reason, AIQ network never stores the original copies of any contributed material uploaded to its system. Instead, the network builds compressed “memory blocks” of submitted libraries using a novel data stack powered by the Nebulized Data Layer® from Nebuli (as shown in the illustration below).

With this model, AIQ, as well as Nebuli, never store copies of contributors' data, wiping off any footprints of the their data source, thus providing solid protection to contributors.

Additionally, the generated Memory Blocks (stored on the blockchain layer) are accessible on any device (including "non-smartphones"), thus allowing much wider data accessibility and interoperability across platforms and applications.

The $AIQ Token

As highlighted above, Nebuli's augmented intelligence platform is at the centre of our new Augmenter ecosystem, generating $AIQ token as its core digital currency. The critical feature of Augmenter is that the framework does not depend on miners and it scales as the number of transactions increase. More importantly, this framework supports interconnected networks of "nano-payments" which is at the heart of AIQ’s interconnected technology contributions submitted from across several verticals.

Hence, the beauty of earning $AIQ is that it does not need any superb computing hardware or power and it can be earned on any device with an internet connection. This is due to Augmenter’s DAG-based ledger, which operates a multitude of individual zero-fee nano-transactions that are interlinked to each other and stored through AIQ’s decentralised network of participating nodes and clients.

The generation of $AIQ token as a new digital currency is no longer a privilege of those who own, control or have access to complicated hardware, advanced programming skills or better access to credit.

Furthermore, with the integration of our DAG-based Augmenter framework within AIQ as its underlying ledger technology, AIQ can be openly accessed on any mobile device (including non-smartphones). As of March 2019, GSMA’s real-time tracker puts the number of mobile devices at just over 8.96 billion (further details available at https://www.gsmaintelligence.com). Therefore, the opportunity for gaining a wide network effect is significantly high.

Thus, we believe that hundreds of thousands of individuals, small teams, startups and enterprises from all around the world can actively and robustly participate within AIQ’s ecosystem. AIQ’s holistic and community-led approach allows users to discover other innovative ideas similar to their own, connect with their peers and further enhance their existing work or even develop further innovative ideas, therefore earning more $AIQ.

In a broader sense, contributing a new collection of code libraries, algorithms, design frameworks of emerging technologies and new ideas will provide a virtual ground for facilitating economic growth, driving innovations, new opportunities and infrastructures. At the same time, such community-lead contributions of knowledge will further improve Augmenter’s network dynamism that benefits all of the stakeholders involved (including crowdsale participants).


Sustainability of the $AIQ Token Ecosystem - Why it is “Bubble-Proof”

The $AIQ token is designed to be a “non-volatile” currency as it operates on a very different and unique model of its underlying "blockless" Augmenter framework and it is backed up by an unbiased and highly objective self-valuing system powered by Nebuli's augmented intelligence engine.

To differentiate itself from many other cryptocurrencies, $AIQ does not allow any groundless or speculative price fluctuations that would render it less accessible or affordable to the less-privileged communities and individuals.

$AIQ token's value is controlled entirely by the cognitive scoring system of Nebuli without any human intervention or speculative pricing. This scoring and valuation system of AIQ's token is directly related to the level of engagement driven by Augmenter's closely intertwined networks of peer-to-peer, peer-to-machine and machine-to-machine interactions.

These coordinated interactions consist of:

  • a combination of algorithms and code library submission activities within the network;
  • the services and tasks within which these libraries are installed; and
  • the millions of executions and API calls generated through these services of the individual libraries involved. It is a truly self-valuing currency.

Thus, every person, regardless of location, can now build and fund new technological ideas without any dependency or locked deals with institutions, government funds or investors.

Today, a Harvard researcher, for example, has a much higher chance of securing funding (both private and government) compared to a researcher of a much less established or less well-known university. This scenario is even worse for innovators who are not part of any university or who live in deprived communities and poorer economies around the world. But not with AIQ.


How $AIQ Tokens are Generated and Earned

As discussed above, the Augmenter framework is based on the flexible DAG ledger model, which is designed to support multiple zero-fee nano-transactions – from peer-to-peer to machine-to-machine activities. $AIQ tokens are generated through a string of these individual nano-transactions which are interlinked to each other and stored through AIQ’s decentralised network of node participants.

The process of generating and earning $AIQ tokens is very simple and does not require any prior experience with cryptocurrencies. Thus, it is open to individuals, startups, corporations and institutions. Participants and contributors to AIQ's augmented intelligence base can earn $AIQ tokens as follows:

  • A user, application or machine (collectively, the "Contributor") uploads a single or a collection of algorithms, code libraries, design frameworks, machine learning datasets, XR plugins, augmented data analytics tools, DARQ support blueprints and documentations and several other contributions supported by the network (collectively, the "Library").

  • In order for the Library to be successfully listed within the network, it must pass through our internal and community-lead review mechanism to ensure validity and security of its content. Once passed, the system awards the Contributor with n number of $AIQ tokens at a nano-transaction level accordingly.

  • In the meantime, another user, application or machine (collectively, the "Client") accesses our system to search and discover an appropriate Library or a set of Libraries for a given project, business tasks, workflows, autonomous operations, etc. (the "Service").

  • Once the Client selected and installed a Library or a set of Libraries into a Service or into a set of Services through our network’s AIaaS mechanism powered by Nebuli, the system awards the Contributor with n number of $AIQ tokens at a nano-transaction level per Client’s installed Library, per Service.

  • The built-in scoring mechanism checks if the Client has successfully “executed” the selected Library within a Service. Accordingly, the system awards the Contributor with further n number of $AIQ tokens at a nano-transaction level per execution, per Library, per Service.

  • This process is designed to be highly objective, secure and strictly unbiased, with ZERO human interference.

$AIQ Token Crowdsale

We aim to finance the project independently and build a strong community-based backbone for the AIQ project. Thus, we are offering a series of public crowdsale campaigns with 5 lots, starting with a pre-sale campaign for early adopters. In total 117,500,000 $AIQ tokens are released. 10 million tokens will be used as an award for the current key stakeholders of the AIQ project, including:

  • Core developers and advocates involved with the project, who will be awarded 2.5 million; and
  • The Nebuli team, who will be awarded 7.5 million upon successful completion of the project stages.
  • Another 7.5 million will be used as a bonus for crowdsale participants (50% for partners and 50% for crowdsale participants).

The price of 1 $AIQ is equivalent to $1.97 (USD).


5 million tokens will be sold during the pre-sale period with 1 million tokens available as a bonus (purchase 5 $AIQ get 1 free).


Phases

Token sold base

Bonus tokens

Target ($USD)

Pre-sale

5,000,000

1,000,000

$     9,873,500

Crowdsale Lot 1

10,100,000

909,000

$   19,944,470

Crowdsale Lot 2

15,200,000

766,000

$   30,015,440

Crowdsale Lot 3

20,300,000

609,000

$   40,086,410

Crowdsale Lot 4

23,300,000

466,000

$   46,010,510

Crowdsale Lot 5

26,100,000

0

$   51,539,670

Total

100,000,000

3,750,000

$ 197,470,000

The following transactions are to be exclusively conducted in $AIQ tokens:

  • buy and sell the brainwork on our platform by transferring intellectual property (IP);
  • award for sharing libraries and incentivising for contribution into AIQ's network;
  • further development of AIQ's dedicated statistical reporting within Nebuli's engine;
  • purchase of plugins and online storage on our own and on our partners’ (universities, libraries, etc.) networks.

Inside our subsidiary platform, the founding members of AIQ communities can also use our tokens for

  • any legal commodity exchanges among one another on our sub-system;
  • payments for education and courses (provided that we partner with the network of the educational centres across the world);
  • creating a token pool for promoting contributed libraries and help their creators bringing their ideas to life.

By contributing to our series of crowdsale campaigns, participants will help us build an open ecosystem where:

  • contributed ideas will be free from established institutions who are dominant in securing most of the public and private funds;
  • inventors in the poorer societies around the world, who have no means of accessing any funding to receive support, can access collaboration and funding opportunities to bring their ideas to life;
  • $AIQ tokens have a fair, sustainable intrinsic value determined by AI without any human intervention;
  • ‘green” principles are at the heart of the network's infrastructure and operations, unlike many others that requires an energy consumption that burns out our scarce resources.

Token Distribution and Awards

Our company is dedicated to the Know Your Customer (KYC) principle. For this reason, all token participants, including crowdsale participants and the users contributing their libraries to our network, will not act anonymously and they will be required to provide proof of identity during the registration process. Our aim is to ensure accountability, a high level of quality and validity of the information shared on our network. However, all users and participants have the full right to anonymise their identity to the wider network as per our Privacy Policy and GDPR rules.

Our People

Core Team

Nebuli and AIQ are a culmination of many years of experience of its founders, who are experienced tech entrepreneurs since 2001, and their team, together with an extensive network of key leaders in the AI/MLmedia, design/UX, blockchain and XR.

Nebuli’s team possesses a unique combination of skills set in the following fields that are closely related to the requirements for this project:

  • Advanced A.I./M.L./Data mining – since 1997;
  • Multi-tier system architecture – since 2000;
  • Multiplatform Data Architecture/XML – since 2000;
  • Digital design and smart UX – since 2000;
  • Digital and interactive media – since 2002;
  • Online user behavioural science – since 2002;
  • Consumer psychology – since 2007;
  • Blockchain – since 2011;
  • XR (Extended Reality) – since 2014;

Summary

AIQ is the augmented intelligence innovation ecosystem, marketplace and digital currency for the people. The $AIQ token is a real worldwide digital currency where every unit is backed by new ideas and autonomous digital economics that drive forward opportunities uniquely associated with digital transformation markets and the post-digital era.

Augmenter is the DAG-based ledger framework behind AIQ that is a free and open decentralised integration network for the key emerging technologies that power Augmented Intelligence, by bridging markets and technology sectors that are traditionally seen as “unrelated” — such as distributed ledgers (including Blockchain), artificial intelligence, extended reality (XR), quantum computing, IoT, ML, transformative and many other critical technologies.

We strongly believe that AIQ's model, combined with our proprietary Augmenter ledger framework and Nebuli's plugin-n-play Augmented Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) framework will support the vast majority of individuals, startups and organisations with the limited resources for building their own teams of emerging technology experts and augmented intelligence capabilities for their needs.

The essence of AIQ ensures that all individual users, businesses and communities can ultimately benefit from generating technological innovations that can positively contribute toward a better future for everyone. We very much look forward to you joining our movement and being part of this positive technological revolution.

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